UK Charging points – find your nearest on-street point
Explore Zap-Map live below to find your nearest on-street charge point.
Alternatively you can visit Zap-Map.com to search by EV model, use the connector selector and access the latest news on electric vehicles and charging.
Three types of charging point are currently used in the UK:
- 'Slow' points use a standard 3kW (13A) supply (6-8 hours for full charge);
- 'Fast' points use single or three-phase 7-22kW (16-32A) supply (3-4 hours); and
- 'Rapid' points provide 40kW+ AC or 50kW+ DC supply (80% charge in 30 mins).
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Charge point overview
It is expected that most electric car charging will be performed at home, during (off-peak) night time hours when electricity is cheapest and it carbon intensity is lowest. Although a standard single-phase 13 amp three-pin domestic socket is adequate to charge a car in 6-8 hours, our advice is that a qualified electrician conducts a house survey to ensure that the wiring will safety support the relatively long periods of charging.
The most common method of charging electric vehicles, uses a standard single-phase 13 Amp three-pin plug (BS 1363) and draws 3 kW of power – with a full charge typically taking 6 to 8 hours.
Nearly all electric models can be slow charged with each vehicles being supplied with a charging cable with the appropriate connectors – in mosts cases a standard three-pin plug at the charging point end, and either a gun shaped Type 1 (J1772) or 7-pin Type 2 (Mennekes) connector for connection to the vehicle.
Fast charging reduces charge times to around half that of a slow charge by at least doubling the current to around 32 amps (7 kW) – so that the time for a full charge is typically taking 3 to 4 hours. Most commercial and many public on-street chargers use this technology.
While not all electric vehicles are able to accept a fast charge at 32 amps, most can be connected to them (with the right connector) and will draw either 13 or 32 amps depending on their capability. While Type 1 (J1772) connectors were the most common, these are steadily being replaced by the more versatile 7-pin Type 2 (Mennekes) plug.
Rapid chargers supply an electric vehicle directly with either direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC) from a dedicated charging unit using a tether cable equipped with a non-removable connector, usually a JEVS (CHAdeMO), 9-pin CCS (Combo) connector or a Type 2 (Mennekes). Often rated at around 50 kW, charging an electric vehicle to 80% typically takes less than half an hour.
As with fast charging, not all electric vehicles can use a rapid charger. While the short charge times make this option very convenient, regular use of rapid charging can reduce battery life.
At least 400 rapid charge points are installed in the UK with many more planned for installation later this year.
Connecting an electric vehicle to an EV charger requires a cable fitted with connectors to match the charger outlet socket and the vehicle inlet socket. Most cables have a connector at each end (to couple with the charger outlet and vehicle inlet) or are tethered, which means that the cable is permanently attached to the charging unit.
The choice of connector is determined by whether an EV is charged using AC (alternating current) or DC (direct current), the charging speed (kW power) and the safety protocol employed. Having different countries of origin, the make and model will also determine which connector are used.
The following table shows images of the main connector types, together with their likely power ratings and associated charger types.
|3-Pin||Commando||Type 1||Type 2||JEVS||CCS||Tesla|
|3kW 1-phase||3-22kW 1/3-phase||3-7kW 1-phase||3-43kW 1/3-phase||50kW||50kW||50-120kW|
|Slow (AC)||Slow or Fast (AC)||Slow (AC)||Slow, Fast, Rapid (AC)||Rapid (DC)||Rapid (DC)||Rapid (DC)|
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